Who Am I?: Identity Formation, Youth, and Therapeutic Recreation
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Terri L. PhoenixWho Am I?: Identity Formation, Youth, and Therapeutic Recreation

During adolescence, the development of sense of identity is a crucial task (Erikson, 1959/1980). Although identity development is not a primary treatment goal for most TR clients, many benefits of identity development mirror desired outcomes of TR services: reduced substance abuse, increased adjustment to disability, reduced anxiety, and increased self-esteem (Coyle, Kinney, Riley, & Shank, 1991). Identity development in adolescence also has been associated with long term optimal health and well-being (Baumeister, 1995), which is a focus of TR services (Austin, 1998). This paper presents an application of Marcia’s (1966) ego identity status paradigm to assist TR professionals to facilitate identity development in adolescents as a primary or secondary treatment goal.

Author Terri L. Phoenix
Volume Vol 35, No 4 (2001)
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