Professionals in health care must face pressures of accountability, justification of worth, and cost containment in addition to every- day responsibilities of working with people in human services and of providing quality health care. As a result, the possibility of burnout among health care professionals is a concern. Since therapeutic recreation specialists (TRS) are part the health care process, this study examined burnout and role stress among TRSs in the United States. Research problems addressed: (a) existence and extent of burnout, specifically emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment; (b) existence and extent of role stress, specifically role conflict and role ambiguity; (c) relationship between burnout and role stress; and (d) contributing factors to burnout in TRSs. Mailed surveys were analyzed by descriptive and interpretive analysis such as canonical correlation and regression. Results indicated that TRSs experienced moderate burnout, and a positive relationship was determined between the burnout and role stress. Discussion and implications for therapeutic recreation professionals are addressed.
Author Leandra A. Bedini, Lavon Williams, Deanna Thompson
Volume Vol 29, No 3 (1995)