This study was conducted to examine the effects of an Aquatic Therapy (AT) exercise program on strength of four participants with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. A single subject, multiple-probe design across participants was used to collect data. Measures of strength were operationalized through upper and lower extremity measures of quadriceps, hamstrings, hip flexion, biceps, triceps, and shoulder abduction strength. Mixed results prevent definitive conclusions regarding the effect of AT on strength. However, these results do have implications for people with multiple sclerosis with regard to strength since all individuals either maintained or improved strength.
Author Ellen Broach, John Dattilo
Volume Vol 37, No 3 (2003)