The purpose of this study was to determine the impact on several self-perception, behavioral, and family functioning variables of an Outward Bound School program for adolescent status offenders that included a family training component (FINS). Data were collected before the program began, four weeks after the program began, and again after four months. Eight specific self-perception domains and Global Self-Worth were evaluated for each adolescent using Harter’s Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents (SPPA). Family Cohesiveness and Adaptability scores were determined using Olsen’s Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale-II (FACES-II). The intensity and level of adolescent’s behavioral problems were assessed for FINS program participants by one of their parents using the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI). A 2 X 2 ANCOVA, Group (treatment, control) by Time (four week post-test, four month post-test) repeated measures design with the pre-test used as the covariate was used to determine interaction effects for the SPAA and Family Functioning variables. A repeated measures ANCOVA with the pre-test used as the covariate was used to determine differences for the Behavior Intensity and Problem variables. Results revealed that at the four week post-test, treatment group subjects had significantly higher scores on all variables compared to the control group. However, for several scores of the SPAA and the Family Functioning variables, differences had disappeared by the time the second post-test was conducted. Even where differences existed at the second post-test, the trend seemed to be toward regression toward the original pre-test score levels. Limitations of the study are discussed.
Author John Henry Pommier, Peter A. Witt
Volume Vol 29, No 2 (1995)