Osteoarthritis (OA) is predicted to affect 1 in 5 adults 65 years and older by 2030 and is one of the leading causes of disability and chronic pain in the United States. Many studies have examined effects of physical activity as a non-pharmacological treatment for OA and associated pain; however, interventions have not assisted older adults in learning how to participate in physical activity when faced with barriers. The present study examined effects of an intervention primarily comprised of goal setting with evaluation, constraint negotiation, and walking using a pedometer for 20-minutes 5-days a week on physical activity as measured by number of steps taken during walking sessions of older adults with osteoarthritis residing in the community. A single-subject multiple-baseline treatment design was used by applying the intervention to a cohort of participants at separate times to test effects of the intervention. Results suggest that the goal setting intervention was effective in increasing the physical activity levels (steps walked) after completing walking sessions. Walking appears to be an acceptable physical activity for older adults with OA.
Author Sarah Farhney, Cheryl Kelley, John Dattilo, Frank Rusch
Volume Vol 44, No 2 (2010)