The purpose of this research study was to examine the influence of a pedometer-based intervention on physical performance and mobility- related self-efficacy in community-dwelling older adults. The age range of the participants was 55 to 94 years (M = 72.9, SD = 8.8). The sample (N = 147) was randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. Pretest and posttest measures included the Short Physical Performance Battery and the Mobility-Related Self-Efficacy Scale. The 12-week physical activity intervention used in this study is based on social cognitive theory and consists of counseling, pedometer usage, and self-monitoring. Mixed factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA) and paired samples t tests were used to examine changes. There were significant changes in physical performance and mobility-related self-efficacy scores.
Author Nancy E. Richeson, Karen A. Croteau, David B. Jones, Bonnie Cashin Farmer
Volume Vol 40, No 1 (2006)