Researchers compared total appropriate behavior scores of nine individuals with schizophrenia living at a large state mental hospital while the individuals participated in active and passive therapeutic recreation (TR) activities. Three observers collected data using the Time-Sample Behavioral Checklist. Results indicated that individuals did not exhibit significantly different appropriate behavior scores when participating in active or passive TR activities. Individuals in both groups exhibited very high appropriate behaviors according to normative referencing. Together, these findings suggest that TR activities elicit high appropriate behavior among individuals with schizophrenia without differential effectiveness.
Author Duston Morris, Jaclyn Card, Anthony Menditto
Volume Vol 33, No 4 (1999)