Researchers compared appropriate behavior scores of six residents with chronic schizophrenia participating in therapeutic recreation (TR) services and vocational rehabilitation (VR) services within a social-learning program. Paid observers used the Time-Sample Behavioral Checklist (TSBC) developed by Paul (1987a) to record data. Researchers then analyzed recorded data using a paired t-test. Results of the t-test indicated residents participating in TR sessions exhibited significantly (p < .05) higher appropriate behavior scores than when participating in VR sessions. Within the context of the social-learning program, TR was more effective than VR in aiding residents with chronic schizophrenia exhibit appropriate behavior.
Author Ann Finnell, Jaclyn Card, Anthony Menditto
Volume Vol 31, No 1 (1997)