Forty-four college students without disabilities each recalled a stimulating recreation experience, a relaxing recreation experience, and a distressful exam experience. Measures of heart rate, pulse volume, and skin conductance were continuously recorded during 3 minutes of mental recollection and during 1 minute of verbal recollection. Overall, verbal recollections produced a much greater sympathetic response than mental recollections. However, significant interactions suggest this is not independent of the type of experience recalled: a much greater sympathetic response was associated with the stimulating and distressful recollections than for the relaxing recollection. Support for both a situational response specificity and an individual response specificity was found. Evidence of how the two types of recreational reminiscence can be applied in therapeutic situations is examined.
Author Michael A. Tarrant, John Dattilo, Bev. L. Driver, Michael J. Manfredo
Volume Vol 29, No 3 (1995)