Educators in the field of therapeutic recreation influence their students through formal and informal means, and overt and covert behaviors. Formal means and overt behaviors are the traditional teaching that occurs in the course of instruction. Informal means and covert behaviors are what occur in the context of the learning environment, not only in the classroom but in interacting outside of the classroom and observing faculty behavior and departmental messages. These informal and covert means, termed “hidden curriculum,” may influence student’s beliefs about the field as strongly as the formal and overt behaviors. This article defines hidden curriculum, describes the faculty, structural and cultural influences on hidden curricula, describes the current state that many therapeutic recreation curricula exist within, and offers suggestions for faculty and administrators to consider when examining their programs.
Author Marieke Van Puymbroeck, David R. Austin, Bryan P. McCormick
Volume Vol 44, No 3 (2010)