The matched, comparative study described and compared the recreation integration of adults with mental retardation who moved from institutions to community residences with their counterparts who remained at the institutions. Subjects had more severe cognitive, medical, health, and behavioral challenges than their predecessors who were deinstitutionalized in the 1970’s and 1980’s. The study compared the subjects’ baseline to the follow-up assessment and found movers (n = 56) were more integrated into the community than stayers (n = 134). Movers with the most serious levels of maladaptive behavior increased their community integration upon moving to the community. Similar results were found for movers with severe or profound mental retardation. However, other results showed that both movers and stayers (a) engaged in high levels of activities that were sedentary in nature and (b) engaged in recreational activities with friends who were also disabled or staff.
Author M. F. Hayden, T. Soulen, S. J. Schleien, C. E. S. Tabourne
Volume Vol 30, No 1 (1996)